mdg / Monocable Detachable Gondola

Medellín Metrocable - Image by Steven Dale

Monocable Detachable Gondolas (MDG) are likely the most common CPT system you’ll encounter as their low cost has made them an attractive addition to public transit systems in the developing world. MDG systems have been installed in cities in Colombia, Venezuela, Algeria, England, Singapore, and Brazil.

Major Characteristics:

Grip: As apparent in the name, an MDG uses a detachable grip. This means cabins can detach from the cable when in the station allowing for intermediary stations and turning (at stations).

Cables: An MDG utilizes a single cable which provides both support and propulsion.

Speed: About 6 m/s, which is equal to 22 km/h.

Capacity: Generally cabins hold 8 passengers with some systems allowing as few as 4 or as many as 15. This amounts to around 2,000-3,000 people per hour per direction. As the technology’s speed capabilities increase, so will the capacities. Another limiting capacity factor is the weight each cable can support.

Towers: MDG systems are generally supported by cylindrical towers, although custom towers or lattice structures are also possible.

Cost: Although cost is very dependent on location, situation, and customization, generally the cost for an MDG is between $5-20 million (US) / km.

The Emirates Air Line (cable car) in London is a simple 2-station, MDG system that crosses the Thames River in London. CC Image by Flickr user Squirmelia.

MDG are intermediate capacity systems (and comparable to many urban tram routes). Given their single cable are prone to stoppages due to winds in excess of 70 km/hr. MDGs are therefore most useful in most urban environments with low-medium capacity needs.

As the investment is quite low compared to other technologies, MDGs are excellent “starter” systems for cities intrigued by the technology but question its effectiveness. They can act alone as mid-capacity main lines, or function as feeder lines to other higher order transit technologies (such as subways).

 

The Gondola Project has profiles on several MDG systems, including:

  • Medellín Metrocables page
  • Caracas Metrocable page
  • Algerian Gondolas page
  • Emirates Air Line (London cable car) page
  • Teleférico do Complexo do Alemão in Rio de Janeiro page
  • Singapore Cable Car page

If you’re looking for the original post on MDG technology, you can find it here.